35 results were found for ���������������������-������������������������������-mg������������������������-������������app������������-(������������������)-���������������������-���������������������-2021������������������������-(������������������).


  • 11. Pollution

    closer to Reykjavík, eight years before that. As elsewhere in Europe sulphur concentration is lower now than when measurements began. Average value of sulphur is about 0.5 mg/l in precipitation, about 0.1 μg/m3 in aerosol and about 0.07 μg/m3 in air. Stórhöfði - a seashore background station Stórhöfði is at the south end of island Heimaey which is the largest of the Westman islands /pollution-and-radiation/pollution/
  • 12. Alam_Ashraful_CES_2010

    Dominant height (m) Basal area just after thinning area threshold 60 80 100 120 Energy wood (Mg ha-1) 60 80 100 120 60 80 100 120 17 Findings: ecosystem CO2 balance 548.4 400 600 7.8 150.4 0 200 -200 O 2 m - 2 -390.86 -600 -400 g C O 1000 -800 -1097.6-1200 - Management Litter Humus 18 Emissions Capture Balance Conclusions • Large amount of unutilised energy biomass are available in Finland • Climate /media/ces/Alam_Ashraful_CES_2010.pdf
  • 13. Perrels-CBA

    operational cost, etc.) and the annual revenues • consider an appropriate discount rate and assess NPV (net present value), IRR (internal rate of return), and net cash flows • rank alternatives by score level • SCBA: social CBA – total benefits -/- total costs for society, in this case benefits and costs often don’t accrue (entirely) to the same organisation due to the public nature of a project /media/loftslag/Perrels-CBA.pdf
  • 14. Traffc-maintenance_expenditures

    Manage- Basic Purchase Road Road net- Const- Acquisi- Govern- Com- Participati- Value Miscel- Total 2009 ment and road of equip- system work post- ruction tion of ment missi- on of the added laneous cost operating manage- ment develop- poned-, of land grants ons European tax over- level costs ment ment comprehen- build- and com- Regional De- heads 1991- 1991- sive- and ings pensation /media/loftslag/Traffc-maintenance_expenditures.pdf
  • 15. GA_2009_91A_4_Andreassen

    ). Meteorological observations carried out on Storbreen in the summer of 1955 (Liestøl1967) revealed that net radiation is the most impor-tant contributor to the ablation at Storbreen. An au-tomatic weather station (AWS) has bee operatedin the ablation zone of Storbreen since September2001 providing a near-continuous series of meteor- ology and surface energy balance data. Analysis ofthe first five years /media/ces/GA_2009_91A_4_Andreassen.pdf
  • 16. IPPC-2007-ar4_syr

    a near-zero pre-industrial background concentration, primarily due to human activities. {WGI 2.3, SPM; SROC SPM} There is very high confidence that the global average net effect of human activities since 1750 has been one of warm- ing, with a radiative forcing of +1.6 [+0.6 to +2.4] W/m2 (Figure 2.4). {WGI 2.3, 6.5, 2.9, SPM} The combined radiative forcing due to increases in CO2, CH4 and N2O /media/loftslag/IPPC-2007-ar4_syr.pdf
  • 17. VED_AnnualReport-2013_screen

    as river discharge and water levels. Notices on avalanches and sea-ice are shown; short articles and news are presented. Furthermore, web and data portals can be accessed through the web, which is available in both Icelandic and English. IMO uses the social networking website Facebook for communication and feed-back. A new web-application (App) provides access to forecasts and warnings /media/vedurstofan/utgafa/arsskyrslur/VED_AnnualReport-2013_screen.pdf
  • 18. Gudmundsson-etal-2011-PR-7282-26519-1-PB

    -corrected SPOT 5 high-resolution geometric (HRG) images with 2.5 m 2.5 m spatial resolution, acquired in the autumn 2003 and (4) airborne polarimetric synthetic aperture radar images observed simultaneously to the 1998 EMISAR images and the EMISAR DEM viewed as a shaded relief image (Magnu´sson et al. 2005b). We estimate the average specific net mass balance (in m yr1 w. eq.) as bn r DV A1  N /media/ces/Gudmundsson-etal-2011-PR-7282-26519-1-PB.pdf
  • 19. Group4

    ); new long-term investment strategy prioritizing low- or zero-net carbon forms of mobility 2040 Modal shift in logistics chains, especially within heavy industry. 3.3 Backcasting scenario narrative Low-Impact Mobility Project Evaluation (LIMPE) Climate change is occurring. Is it natural or anthropogenic? It doesn’t matter. Even though the future is inherently uncertain, one certainty /media/loftslag/Group4.pdf
  • 20. vanRoosmalen_etal-2009-WRR_2007WR006760

    1998] and RCM output such as incoming and outgoing, short- and long-wave radiation, temperature, water vapor pressure, and wind speed: ETref ¼ 0:408D Rn  Gð Þ þ g 900T þ 273 u2 es  eað Þ Dþ g 1þ 0:34u2ð Þ ð3Þ where ETref is reference evapotranspiration (mm d1), Rn is net radiation at the crop surface (MJ m2 d1), G is soil heat flux density (MJ m2 d1), T is mean daily air temperature at 2 m /media/loftslag/vanRoosmalen_etal-2009-WRR_2007WR006760.pdf

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