39 results were found for ������������������-������������������������������-������������������������-������2������������������-������������������������������-������������������-������������������-���������������-(������������������).


  • 1. VI_2015_006

    temperature at 2 mAGL...................................................................... 23 11 Upward latent heat flux from the ground ..................................................... 25 12 Net downward energy flux at the surface, without snowmelt ............................ 27 13 Net downward energy flux at the surface, with snowmelt ................................ 29 14 Average downward /media/vedurstofan/utgafa/skyrslur/2015/VI_2015_006.pdf
  • 2. Machguth_Horst_CES_2010

    experiments with different RCM’s • explore RCM biases • apply a different mass balance model data 2 RCM’s • HIRHAM4, Scenario A1B, 25 km, 1950-2100, Greenland • RCAO, Scenario A1B, 50 km, 1960-2100, Pan-Arctic 4 Weather Stations (Ta, Sin) • GC-Net Swiss Camp: 1150 m a.s.l. (1995 – 2006) • GC-Net Crawford: 2020 m a.s.l. (1995 – 2006) • Asiaq Station 437: 300 m a.s.l. (1983 – 2006) • DMI Illulisat /media/ces/Machguth_Horst_CES_2010.pdf
  • 3. Traffc-maintenance_expenditures

    Manage- Basic Purchase Road Road net- Const- Acquisi- Govern- Com- Participati- Value Miscel- Total 2009 ment and road of equip- system work post- ruction tion of ment missi- on of the added laneous cost operating manage- ment develop- poned-, of land grants ons European tax over- level costs ment ment comprehen- build- and com- Regional De- heads 1991- 1991- sive- and ings pensation /media/loftslag/Traffc-maintenance_expenditures.pdf
  • 4. ces_geus_paakitsoq_full_report

    22N) from till Illulisat DMI 50 10 105 497382 7681278 Ta 1.1.81 6.4.06 Station 437 ASIAQ 275 340 311 531316 7709513 Ta 5.9.83 1.6.06 Swiss Camp GC-net 1150 1115 780 566396 7719204 Ta, Sin 1.1.95 8.5.06 Crawford GC-net 2022 1795 1982 654464 7757807 Ta, Sin 24.5.95 2.5.06 2 2.3 RCM Data Output from two RCMs is used: (1) the regional coupled ocean-atmosphere model RCAO (Döscher et al., 2002) and (2 /media/ces/ces_geus_paakitsoq_full_report.pdf
  • 5. Perrels-CBA

    (CBA can be subset of SCBA) • CEA: cost-effectiveness analysis – this is used if for (a part of) the intended impacts no (shadow) price can be established (or when that is contentious) 26.8.2011Adriaan Perrels/IL 9 Cost-benefit analysis – the basics 2 • Metrics: • Net present value (NPV) : • Internal Rate of Return (IRR): r = r* such that NPV = 0 • Benefit-Cost Ratio (B/C ratio): • Macro /media/loftslag/Perrels-CBA.pdf
  • 6. GA_2009_91A_4_Andreassen

    to highly negative summer balances, but also lower bw than the average for 1949–2006. Calculated change in specific mass balance for a ±1°C change in air tem- perature was ±0.55 m w.e., whereas a ±10 % in- crease in precipitation represented a change of ± 0.20 m w.e. Model results further indicated that for a 2°C warming, the ablation season will be extend- ed by c. 30 days and that the period /media/ces/GA_2009_91A_4_Andreassen.pdf
  • 7. Group4

    loop learning and innovation. The original remit was to analyze the projected climate change impacts on the projected needs for road maintenance on Finnish national road network while maintaining existing levels of service. However, in light of the need to radically reduce transport sector GHG emissions in order to keep average global warming under a 2 degree threshold (IPCC, 2007 /media/loftslag/Group4.pdf
  • 8. Gudmundsson-etal-2011-PR-7282-26519-1-PB

    RESEARCH/REVIEW ARTICLE Response of Eyjafjallajo¨kull, Torfajo¨kull and Tindfjallajo¨kull ice caps in Iceland to regional warming, deduced by remote sensing Sverrir Gudmundsson,1 Helgi Bjo¨rnsson,1 Eyjo´lfur Magnu´sson,1 Etienne Berthier,2 Finnur Pa´lsson,1 Magnu´s Tumi Gudmundsson,1 Tho´rdı´s Ho¨gnado´ttir1 & Jørgen Dall3 1 Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Iceland, Sturlugata 7, Askja /media/ces/Gudmundsson-etal-2011-PR-7282-26519-1-PB.pdf
  • 9. vanRoosmalen_etal-2009-WRR_2007WR006760

    1998] and RCM output such as incoming and outgoing, short- and long-wave radiation, temperature, water vapor pressure, and wind speed: ETref ¼ 0:408D Rn  Gð Þ þ g 900T þ 273 u2 es  eað Þ Dþ g 1þ 0:34u2ð Þ ð3Þ where ETref is reference evapotranspiration (mm d1), Rn is net radiation at the crop surface (MJ m2 d1), G is soil heat flux density (MJ m2 d1), T is mean daily air temperature at 2 m /media/loftslag/vanRoosmalen_etal-2009-WRR_2007WR006760.pdf
  • 10. IPPC-2007-ar4_syr

    Assessment Re- port (AR4). Topic 1 summarises observed changes in climate and their ef- fects on natural and human systems, regardless of their causes, while Topic 2 assesses the causes of the observed changes. Topic 3 pre- sents projections of future climate change and related impacts un- der different scenarios. Topic 4 discusses adaptation and mitigation options over the next few decades /media/loftslag/IPPC-2007-ar4_syr.pdf

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